COVID-19 sped up some agencies’ cloud migration and amplified calls for cybersecurity assurances.
The Office of Management and Budget plans to standardize language in all government contracts with cloud vendors that would update liability terms regarding security, according to the official in charge of leading federal agencies’ move to the shared-responsibility ecosystems.
“I think there is a need to update our [service level agreements] with the cloud providers and we're actively working on that within [the General Services Administration],” Thomas Santucci, the director of the Data Center and Cloud Optimization Infrastructure Program Management Office at GSA, said.
Santucci provided a status report on the government’s efforts to improve efficiency and lower costs by moving to the cloud during a virtual conference the Digital Government Institute hosted today.
“OMB has just stood up a [program management office] to work on a cloud SLA template for the federal government to be attached to every contract,” Santucci said when asked about the liability issue and whether cloud service providers or government customers should be held responsible for security.
Security was one of the topics mentioned in establishing the new contract templates, he said.
Technology vendors precluding liability in government contracts has long been an issue, and it could be one reason some in government agencies have been timid about moving to the cloud in the past, according to a program manager speaking from the “frontlines” of the cloud migration effort during the DGI conference.
“The common themes that I heard were ‘I don’t understand security, I don’t want to have to deal with security by myself, and I’m also not a cloud expert,’” Joe Foster, cloud computing program manager at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, said regarding his early days of trying to get agency components to move to the cloud.
In some ways, the pandemic is taking the issue out of officials’ hands.
“Could anyone plan for what’s going on now? Probably not, but who could imagine let alone fund it?” Santucci said, referring to the pandemic. “The situation does exactly that. Your users are now remote rather than in a central building or campus. Agencies that are doing well are mostly in the cloud with little or no impact. Remote users do not need a [virtual private network] to gain access to their emails or files, collaboration products have significantly reduced file duplicates, and bandwidth consumption is between the home internet connection and the cloud. It’s a great success story.”
Outside of no longer needing to run energy-intensive data centers, there are other, security-based reasons for moving to the cloud. Enabling security and development professionals to work in the same space has allowed for changes to applications to be pushed out faster, as Susie Adams, chief technology officer for Microsoft Federal, noted, for example.
But as officials at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have stressed, moving to the cloud does not make security a “set it and forget it” feature. There are a lot of configurations and other considerations that customers may be responsible for under contracts.
During an event hosted Tuesday by the Information Technology Industry Council, Rep. Doris Matsui, D-Calif., also observed the pandemic causing a rush to the cloud but expressed more trepidation than exuberance.
“This comes with an increased use of personal devices and cloud services, which may not be secure,” Matsui, co-chair of the House of Representatives’ High Tech Caucus, said.
Matsui on Tuesday sent a letter to NIST Director Walter Copan asking that the agency work to establish metrics to accompany its landmark Cybersecurity Framework. The framework allows entities to select and implement security controls based on their individual subjective needs and risks. Matsui’s letter calls for a way to evaluate the security implications of those decisions.
“As companies, nonprofits, and state and local governments work to quickly assess their cybersecurity strategies and evaluate measures to improve security during the pandemic, additional guidance from NIST could help speed the decision-making process and funnel resources to effective, proven methods,” she wrote. “With quantifiable measurement tools, cybersecurity strategies can be compared across industries and between entities. Metrics and measurements that facilitate comparisons and assess risk will be valuable for consumers, companies, and governments.”