Cybersecurity is the Sputnik of Our Day

A model of a Soviet Earth satellite, Sputnik 1, on display at the Prague Czechoslovakia exhibition on Oct. 7, 1957.

A model of a Soviet Earth satellite, Sputnik 1, on display at the Prague Czechoslovakia exhibition on Oct. 7, 1957. AP File Photo

We need a cyber-race to spur innovation and ensure the digital world is a secure haven for western democratic society.

Simon Crosby is the chief technology officer and co-founder of Bromium.

From the U.S. election to the French and German elections, data from breached organizations, personal email and web apps is being used to sway the political debate—and to sow the seeds of an alternative narrative.  

The play: circulate “plausible” stories or allegations with scant evidence by taking advantage of a press whose business model has become reliant on clicks and sensational revelations. Gullible readers have no way to tell whether a story circulated by their friends is fact or fiction. Free distribution via social media let those seeking to manipulate public opinion do so with relative ease. Worse still, the ad-funded nature of social media gave authors of fake news a strong incentive to deliver highly inflammatory content that would be widely distributed, maximizing the authors’ revenue. 

» Get the best federal technology news and ideas delivered right to your inbox. Sign up here.

It is perhaps worth pointing out Russia only played a part. Nonetheless, the Russian strategy worked brilliantly. From my point of view, the West can learn lessons from this unexpected direct manipulation of a pillar of the democratic system. By way of analogy, I consider these effects to be roughly equivalent to that of Sputnik in the Space Age and Cold War.                                                                                                                                                

Sputnik was the world’s first artificial satellite, launched by the Soviet Union in 1957. Sputnik itself did very little: It broadcast radio pulses that could be detected and observed by anyone, but the launch triggered a crisis of confidence in the West and in the U.S., in particular.

The resulting Space Race and subsequent Cold War ushered in profound political, military and technological advances and laid the foundation for many advantages we enjoy today. Sputnik was a shocking first volley from an adversary whose capabilities were quickly exceeded by a superior model for innovation. The Space Race was massively expensive for the Russians because the U.S. out-funded and out-innovated them at every turn.

A New Domain of International Conflict

Our society has pioneered all of the major advances of the Internet Era, and we have quickly snapped up every innovation without a thought as to the potential downsides that might result from its abuse. U.S. voters are horrified to discover the concept of freedom of expression enshrined in the Constitution could be so easily turned against them. 

The key strategic question for the West is how to respond to the “Sputnik of the Internet Era.” 

I see an opportunity to seize advantage by outmaneuvering our adversaries to quickly secure and protect our economy and our citizens in this new domain. Equally important: Bad cybersecurity imposes a significant drag on U.S. business and the economy as a whole. By contrast, making U.S. infrastructure resilient to cyberattacks would boost our competitiveness and ensure our economy and democratic society are best placed to succeed in the increasingly digital global economy.

The West is currently failing at cybersecurity—and will continue to fail—unless we make fundamental changes. Just as the Space Race laid the foundation for U.S. technological leadership, we need a cyber-race to spur innovation and ensure the digital world is a secure haven for western democratic society.

But there are substantial challenges to overcome:

  • Our advancements are a vulnerability. The U.S. economy is bigger, more open and more digitized than those of Russia, China, North Korea and other cyber adversaries. That often makes the U.S. government, businesses and citizens more vulnerable than their counterparts in other countries. Asymmetry favors the attacker: We expose many easy targets to a few, highly skilled adversaries. Our ability to respond is limited by the smaller attack surface of our competitors, even though we have world-class offensive cyber capabilities.
  • Innovation-created consequences. Embracing innovation and growth, U.S. companies took their businesses online as fast as tech and the internet would allow, but despite the advantages of new markets and economic growth, there is a downside. Much of today’s computing infrastructure is manually managed, but humans operating distributed IT systems just can’t keep pace. Users and admins are forgetful, don’t keep systems up to date and are easy to trick. Human defenders need to sleep. Computerized “bot” adversaries don’t.
  • Legacy computing is holding us back. Our global business competitors are poised to leapfrog legacy U.S.-style computer-and-network infrastructure by adopting the latest tech (that we have even made freely available through open-source licenses). They have an opportunity to be more secure from the get-go (again. making it harder for the U.S. to gain an advantage) while continuing to blast holes in our leaky legacy installed base.
  • There are no consequences. Attribution is imperfect, costly and easy to de-fang. Who know if it a state-sponsored adversary or a spotty-faced teenager out for the “lulz”? Nation-state adversaries are skilled at covering their tracks and spreading misinformation. Defenders bear the cost, and adversaries, unafraid of the consequences, shrug off “fake news.”
  • The market will solve the problem badly. Facing a battle against skilled adversaries they will surely lose, U.S. enterprises will choose a sub-optimal way out—they will simply use insurance. Protecting shareholders from loss is rational, but the loss of critical intellectual property and personal information nonetheless renders the U.S. vulnerable to foreign adversaries. As U.S. enterprises are stripped of their competitive edge, we will suffer economic losses.

We need to update our infrastructure. Immediately.

There are many more reasons why we fail, but the core challenge is this: The technology upon which U.S. enterprises rely is old, leaky and in need of replacement. We urgently need to act, to build security into the computing infrastructure that powers our economy. I advocate for rapid adoption of cloud services, virtualization and software-defined network perimeters as a start, because they immediately shift the balance of power in our favor.

X
This website uses cookies to enhance user experience and to analyze performance and traffic on our website. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Learn More / Do Not Sell My Personal Information
Accept Cookies
X
Cookie Preferences Cookie List

Do Not Sell My Personal Information

When you visit our website, we store cookies on your browser to collect information. The information collected might relate to you, your preferences or your device, and is mostly used to make the site work as you expect it to and to provide a more personalized web experience. However, you can choose not to allow certain types of cookies, which may impact your experience of the site and the services we are able to offer. Click on the different category headings to find out more and change our default settings according to your preference. You cannot opt-out of our First Party Strictly Necessary Cookies as they are deployed in order to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting the cookie banner and remembering your settings, to log into your account, to redirect you when you log out, etc.). For more information about the First and Third Party Cookies used please follow this link.

Allow All Cookies

Manage Consent Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies - Always Active

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Sale of Personal Data, Targeting & Social Media Cookies

Under the California Consumer Privacy Act, you have the right to opt-out of the sale of your personal information to third parties. These cookies collect information for analytics and to personalize your experience with targeted ads. You may exercise your right to opt out of the sale of personal information by using this toggle switch. If you opt out we will not be able to offer you personalised ads and will not hand over your personal information to any third parties. Additionally, you may contact our legal department for further clarification about your rights as a California consumer by using this Exercise My Rights link

If you have enabled privacy controls on your browser (such as a plugin), we have to take that as a valid request to opt-out. Therefore we would not be able to track your activity through the web. This may affect our ability to personalize ads according to your preferences.

Targeting cookies may be set through our site by our advertising partners. They may be used by those companies to build a profile of your interests and show you relevant adverts on other sites. They do not store directly personal information, but are based on uniquely identifying your browser and internet device. If you do not allow these cookies, you will experience less targeted advertising.

Social media cookies are set by a range of social media services that we have added to the site to enable you to share our content with your friends and networks. They are capable of tracking your browser across other sites and building up a profile of your interests. This may impact the content and messages you see on other websites you visit. If you do not allow these cookies you may not be able to use or see these sharing tools.

If you want to opt out of all of our lead reports and lists, please submit a privacy request at our Do Not Sell page.

Save Settings
Cookie Preferences Cookie List

Cookie List

A cookie is a small piece of data (text file) that a website – when visited by a user – asks your browser to store on your device in order to remember information about you, such as your language preference or login information. Those cookies are set by us and called first-party cookies. We also use third-party cookies – which are cookies from a domain different than the domain of the website you are visiting – for our advertising and marketing efforts. More specifically, we use cookies and other tracking technologies for the following purposes:

Strictly Necessary Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Functional Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Performance Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Sale of Personal Data

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.

Social Media Cookies

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.

Targeting Cookies

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.