The House approved similar legislation last year, but it never reached the Senate floor.
The House passed legislation for the second time Monday that would require law enforcement to obtain a warrant before demanding any emails regardless of how old they are.
Under a 1980s law, the Justice Department and other agencies can currently obtain emails more than six months old with only a subpoena.
The House passed similar legislation in the past Congress, but the bill never reached the Senate floor.
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“The U.S. Constitution protects Americans’ property from unreasonable searches and seizures and we must ensure that this principle continues to thrive in the digital age,” House Judiciary Chairman Bob Goodlatte, R-Va., said in a statement shortly after passage of the Email Privacy Act.
He also called on the Senate to pass the bill.
Goodlatte listed passage of the bill as a priority for this Congress.
Monday’s approval was on a voice vote.