An accord involving the United States, Russia and other countries requiring that each nation provide advance warning of government cyber operations that might otherwise spark unintentional conflict collapsed on Friday after Russia dissented, U.S. officials said.
The 57-nation Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe failed to reach the unanimous consensus needed to adopt the resolution. It was aimed at building trust and open communication to avoid cyberwar.
The politically-binding agreement by the United Nations-recognized organization would have operated similarly to the way that Russia and America decades ago drew red lines to avoid nuclear war.
“Russia today killed in the OSCE the first-ever set of multilateral cyber confidence building measures,” a U.S. official close to the discussions said in a statement. “These proposed transparency measures, agreed affirmatively by 54 of the 56 representatives, would have established the foundation for long-term international cyber risk reduction in the political-military field.”
The official called the move a “profound reversal” of two years of constructive cooperation on cyber issues across multiple international forums, including the UN. Last year, Alexander Kozlovsky, the leader of the Russian delegation to the OSCE, endorsed foundational provisions in a 2011 OSCE annual statement intended to guide future policy decisions.
The U.S. official speculated that Russia’s earlier willingness to sacrifice its traditional embrace of information control perhaps evaporated after the Arab Spring events. “Their prime concern appears not the resiliency of their networks, but the resiliency of their regime,” the official said.
On Tuesday, The Wall Street Journal reported a new website blacklist that Russia ostensibly implemented to protect children from offensive material is in effect a policy to suppress political dissent.
The foreign government has blocked 640 sites so far. “The law’s backers had insisted it was designed only to target child pornography and other offensive sites, but critics say it is a thinly veiled mechanism that would allow the government to shut down sites offering opposing views,” the Journal wrote.
Delegates on Thursday were anticipated to negotiate the accord at a meeting of the OSCE Ministerial Council in Dublin, which State Department Secretary Hillary Clinton attended. No such agreement was included in the organization’s road map to address security challenges that was finalized on Friday.
A draft resolution Nextgov reviewed on Wednesday would have compelled “confidence-building, stability and risk reduction measures” to address the implications of a nation state’s use of cyberspace, “including exchanges of national views on the use of [information technology] in conflict.”
The Russian Embassy in Washington and Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the OSCE did not respond to multiple requests for comment. State Department officials declined to comment.
OSCE spokesman Frane Maroevic on Friday said he could not comment on the views of individual nations, but “what I am sure is that we will continue working in this field.”